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The Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 is made by the President of India under Article 77 of the Constitution for the allocation of business of the Government of India. The Ministries/Departments of the Government of India are created by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister under these Rules. The business of the Government of India are transacted in the ministries/departments, secretariats and offices (referred to as "Department") as per the distribution of subjects specified in these Rules. Each of the Ministry (ies) will be assigned to a Minister by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Each department will be generally under the charge of a Secretary to assist the Minister on policy matters and general administration.

The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for secretarial assistance to the Cabinet, its committees and ad hoc Groups of Ministers, and for maintenance of record of their decisions and proceedings. The Secretariat monitors implementation of the decisions/directions of the Cabinet/Cabinet Committees/ groups of ministers. The Secretariat is also responsible for the administration of the Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules, 1961 and facilitates smooth transaction of business in ministries/departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these Rules. The Secretariat assists in decision-making in Government by ensuring inter-ministerial co-ordination ironing out differences amongst ministries/departments and evolving consensus through the instrumentality of the standing/ad hoc committees of secretaries. Through this mechanism new policy initiatives are promoted. The Cabinet Secretariat ensures that the President, the Vice-President and ministers are kept informed of the major activities of all ministries/departments by means of monthly summary of their activities. Management of major crisis situations in the country and coordinating activities of various ministries in such a situation is also one of the functions of this Secretariat.


The Government consists of a number of ministries/departments, number and character varying from time to time on factors such as volume of work, importance attached to certain items, changes of orientation, political expediency, etc. On 15 August 1947, the number of ministries at the Centre was 18. As on 14 June 2000 the Government consisted of the following ministries/ departments under the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961.

1. Ministry of Agriculture (Krishi Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (Krishi aur Sahkarita Vibhag)
  2. Department of Agricultural Research and Education (Krishi Anusandhan aur Shiksha Vibhag)
  3. Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying (Pashupalan aur Dairy Yibhag)
  4. Department of Food Processing Industries (Khadya Prasanskaran Udyog Vibhag)

2. Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers (Rasayan aur Urvarak Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Chemicals and Petro-Chemicals (Rasayan aur Petro-Rasayan Vibhag)
  2. Department of Fertilizers (Urvarak Vibhag)

3. Ministry of Civil Aviation (Nagar Vimanan MantraJaya)

4. Ministry of Coal (KoyaJa Mantralaya)

5. Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Vanijya aur Udyog Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Commerce (Vanijya Vibhag)
  2. Deparatment of Industrial Policy and Promotion (Audyogik Niti aur Samvardhan Vibhag)
  3. Department of Supply (Poorti Vibhag)

6. Ministry of Communications (Sanchar Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Telecommunications (Doorsanchar Vibhag)
  2. Department of Posts (Dak Vibhag)
  3. Department of Telecom Services (Doorsanchar Seva Vibhag)

7. Ministry of Defence (Raksha Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Defence (Raksha Vibhag)
  2. Department of Defence Production and Supplies (Raksha Utpadan aur Poorti Vibhag)
  3. Department of Defence Research and Development (Raksha Anusandhan aur Vikas Vibhag)

8. Ministry of Environment and Forests (Paryavaran aur Van Mantralaya)

9. Ministry of External Affairs (Videsh Mantralaya)

10. Ministry of Finance (Vitta Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Economic Affairs (Arthik Karya Vibhag)
  2. Department of Expenditure (Vyaya Vibhag)
  3. Department of Revenue (Rajaswa Vibhag)

11. Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Pood and Public Distribution

(Upbhokta Mamle, Khadya aur Sarvajanik Vitaran Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Consumer Affairs (Upbhokta Mamie Vibhag)
  2. Department of Food and Public Distribution (Khadya aur Sarvajanik Vitaran Vibhag)

12. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

(Swasthya aur Parivar Kalyan Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Health (Swasthya Vibhag)
  2. Department of Family Welfare. (Parivar Kalyan Vibhag)
  3. Department of Indian Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy

(Bhartiya Chikitsa Paddhati aur Homoeopathy Vibhag)

13. Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises

(Bhari Udyog aur Lok Udyam Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Heavy Industries (Bhari Udyog Vibhag)
  2. Department of Public Enterprises (Lok Udyam Vibhag)

14. Ministry of Home Affairs (Grih Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Internal Security (Antarik Suraksha Vibhag)
  2. Department of States (Rajya Vibhag)
  3. Department of Official Language (Raj Bhasha Vibhag)
  4. Department of Home (Grih Vibhag)
  5. Department of Jammu and Kashmir Affairs (Jammu tatha Kashmir Vibhag)

15. Ministry of Human Resource Development

(Manav Sansadhan Vikas Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Elementary Education and Literacy (Prarambhik Shiksha awe Saksharta Vibhag)
  2. Department of Secondary Education and Higher Education (Madhyamik Shiksha aur Uchchatar Shiksha Vibhag)
  3. Department of Women and Child Development (Mahila aur Bal Vikas Vibhag)

16. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

(Soochna aur Prasaran Mantralaya)

17. Ministry of Information Technology

(Soochna Praudyogiki Mantralaya)

18. Ministry of Labour (Shram Mantralaya)

19. Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs

(Vidhi, Nyaya aur Kampany Karya Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Legal Affairs (Vidhi Karya Vibhag)
  2. Legislative Department (Vidhayee Vibhag)
  3. Department of Justice (Nyaya Vibhag)
  4. Department of Company Affairs (Kampany Karya Vibhag)

20. Ministry of Mines (Khan Mantralaya)

21. Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources

(Aparamparik Oorja Srota Mantralaya)

22. Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs (Sansadiya Karya Mantralaya)

23. Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions

(Kannik Lok Shikayat tatha Pension Mantraiaya)

  1. Department of Personnel and Training (Kannik aur Prashikshan Vibhag)
  2. Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (Prashasanik Sudhar aur Lok Shikayat Vibhag)
  3. Department of Pensions and Pensioners' Welfare (Pension aur Pension Bhogi Kalyan Vibhag)

24. Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

(Petroleum aur Prakritik Gas Mantralaya)

25. Ministry of Planning (Yojana Mantralaya)

26. Ministry of Power (Vidyut Mantralaya)

27. Ministry of Railways (Rail Mantralaya)

28. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

(Sarak Parivahan aur Raj Marg Mantralaya)

29. Ministry of Rural Development (Gramin Vikas Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Rural Development (Gramin Vikas Vibhag)
  2. Department of Land Resources (Bhumi Sansadhan Vibhag)
  3. Department of Drinking Water Supply(Peya Jal Poorti Vibhag)

30. Ministry of Science and Technology (Vigyan aur Praudyogiki Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Science and Technology (Vigyan aur Praudyogiki Vibhag)
  2. Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Vigyan aur Audyogik Anusandhan Vibhag)
  3. Department of Bio-Technology (Biotechnology Vibhag)

31. Ministry of Small Scale Industries and Agro and Rural Industries

(Laghu Udyog aur Krishi Evam Gramin Udyog Mantralaya)

32. Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

(Sankhyiki aur Karyakram Karyanvayan Mantralaya)

33. Ministry of Shipping (Pot Parivahan Mantralaya)

34. Ministry of Steel (Ispat Mantralaya)

35. Ministry of Textiles (Vastra Mantralaya)

36. Ministry of Tourism and Culture (Paryatan aur Sanskriti Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Tourism (Paryatan Vibhag)
  2. Department of Culture (Sanskriti Vibhag)

37. Ministry of Tribal Affairs (Janjati Karya Mantralaya)

38. Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation

(Shahari Vikas aur Garibi Upshaman Mantralaya)

  1. Department of Urban Development (Shahari Vikas Vibhag)
  2. Department of Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation (Shaharii Rozgar aur Garibi Upshaman Vibhag

39. Ministry of Water Resources (Jal Sansadhan Mantralaya)

40. Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

(Samajik Nyaya aur Adhikarita Mantralaya)

41. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports

(Vuva Karyakram aur Khel Mantralaya)

42. Department of Atomic Energy (Pannanu Oorja Vibhag)

43. Department of Ocean Development (Mahasagar Vikas Vibhag)

44. Department of Space (Antariksh Vibhag)

45. Cabinet Secretariat (Mantrimandal Sachivalaya)

46. President's Secretariat (Rashtrapati Sachivalaya)

47. Prime Minister's Office (Pradhan Mantri Karyalaya)

48. Planning Commission (Yojana Ayog)

49. Department of Disinvestment (Vinivesh Vibhag)